Sunday, August 19, 2012

Why Dog Vomit, its Causes and Solutions

Anyone who has had a dog has heard that dreaded noise – the sound of a vomiting dog. Due to my dog's vomiting two days ago, I researched for its reason and some solutions.  And here's what I found.

credit to owner :)
Vomiting in dog is normal and generally is nature's way of ridding the body of an unwanted food or foreign objects the dog may have ingested.  Dogs can vomit yellow bile, food, clear and/or foamy liquid, blood and grass or a combination of the above. Periodic vomiting is not a reason for concern as long as the dog has a healthy appetite, maintaining an ideal weight and their energy levels are normal.  While vomiting occasionally may not be an indication of a serious illness, any occurrence of repeated vomiting, especially if accompanied by lethargy, diarrhea or other behavioral changes, should receive prompt medical attention.

There are three stages in the vomiting process: nausea, retching and the final vomiting. The main concern for the health of a vomiting dog are dehydration causing an imbalance in electrolyte levels, a disparity in the balance of acid to base levels in the body and aspirated pneumonia.


What causes dog to vomit?

Like what I've said, dog vomit to get rid of unwanted food or foreign objects they ingested.


The other main cause of vomiting in dog is eating something they should not have, whether that is a toxin of some sort, food too high in fat or too rich or an allergy to the food. Veterinary assistance is needed in this situation.  If possible, bring the stomach contents with you to the hospital for the vet to find what it was that made the dog so sick. A night in the hospital under observation is normally suggested as is intravenous to help support potentially compromised kidneys.
Vomiting accompanied by diarrhea can be caused by a number of conditions – gastritis, gastroenteritis, pancreatitis, Irritable Bowel Disease, etc. If blood is present in either the vomited material or the fecal matter, a visit to the vet is mandatory.

Treatments


The initial treatment for any case of repeated vomiting or vomiting mixed with diarrhea is to withhold food and water for twenty-four hours, allowing the stomach and digestive tract to calm down once again. In severe cases, such as pancreatitis, food and water can be withheld for up to five days while fluids, glucose, electrolytes and medication are administered intravenously. Often treatment comes before a full diagnosis- blood work, x-rays, ultrasound, barium swallow and endoscopy; as it is important for the pet to be put on intravenous fluids, for example, if it is suffering from dehydration.
There is one type of vomiting that is also an emergency situation but is not actually messy - unproductive vomiting. A dog’s stomach can twist or flip on itself, the blood supply to the digestive tract is cut off, leading to bloating, toxic conditions and eventual death. This condition is often called torsion or bloat but the clinical term is gastric dilation or voluvus. This is a potential fatal condition requiring immediate surgery to correct so if your dog goes through the retching motion but nothing comes up, get them to the vet immediately.
Due to the number of reasons why a dog may vomit, it is extremely important to work with your veterinarian for a correct diagnosis and course of treatment. Chronic vomiting, even if it is not frequent, can cause a myriad of medical problems and, for the well-being of your furry best friend, steps should be taken to get the condition under control.



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